An adolescent male with persistent urinary symptoms

Pediatr Nephrol. 2024 Jun 6. doi: 10.1007/s00467-024-06424-3. Online ahead of print.


An 11-year-old male child who presented with increased frequency of urination, thirst and feeling of incomplete void was initially diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) based on elevated blood sugar. Polyuria and polydipsia were confirmed even after normalisation of blood sugar. A standardised water deprivation test showed presence of central diabetes insipidus (DI) and patient was started on desmopressin. Presence of DM and DI led to suspicion of DIDMOAD/Wolfram syndrome and ophthalmic examination confirmed bilateral optic atrophy. Despite treatment for DM and DI the urinary complaints persisted, and ultrasound showed persistent bilateral hydronephroureterosis. Bladder workup including voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and urodynamic study reported thickened trabeculated bladder wall along with overactivity, poor compliance and high bladder pressure. Bladder dysfunction has been documented to be associated with Wolfram syndrome and often may lead to chronic kidney disease which can be prevented by early diagnosis and appropriate management. The case highlights the need for comprehensive evaluation of children with urinary symptoms.

PMID:38842721 | DOI:10.1007/s00467-024-06424-3