Acetazolamide Challenge Changes Outer Retina Bioenergy-Linked and Anatomical OCT Biomarkers Depending on Mouse Strain

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2024 Mar 5;65(3):21. doi: 10.1167/iovs.65.3.21.


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that optical coherence tomography (OCT) bioenergy-linked and anatomical biomarkers are responsive to an acetazolamide (ACZ) provocation.

METHODS: C57BL/6J mice (B6J, a strain with relatively inefficient mitochondria) and 129S6/ev mice (S6, a strain with relatively efficient mitochondria) were given a single IP injection of ACZ (carbonic anhydrase inhibitor) or vehicle. In each mouse, the Mitochondrial Configuration within Photoreceptors based on the profile shape Aspect Ratio (MCP/AR) index was determined from the hyper-reflective band immediately posterior to the external limiting membrane (ELM). In addition, we tested for ACZ-induced acidification by measuring contraction of the external limiting membrane-retinal pigment epithelium (ELM-RPE) thickness; the hyporeflective band (HB) signal intensity at the photoreceptor tips was also examined. Finally, the nuclear layer thickness was measured.

RESULTS: In response to ACZ, MCP/AR was greater-than-vehicle in B6J mice and lower-than-vehicle in S6 mice. ACZ-treated B6J and S6 mice both showed ELM-RPE contraction compared to vehicle-treated mice, consistent with dehydration in response to subretinal space acidification. The HB intensity at the photoreceptor tips and the outer nuclear layer thickness (B6J and S6), as well as the inner nuclear layer thickness of B6J mice, were all lower than vehicle following ACZ.

CONCLUSIONS: Photoreceptor respiratory efficacy can be evaluated in vivo based on distinct rod mitochondria responses to subretinal space acidification measured with OCT biomarkers and an ACZ challenge, supporting and extending our previous findings measured with light-dark conditions.

PMID:38488413 | DOI:10.1167/iovs.65.3.21