Healthcare (Basel). 2023 Jun 29;11(13):1888. doi: 10.3390/healthcare11131888.
Wolfram syndrome (WS) is a rare neurodegenerative disease usually of autosomal recessive origin. There is limited research about sensorineural hearing loss, despite it being a fundamental entity. It is important to broaden the study of this disease and specify a set of tests required for an adequate assessment of patients for efficient monitoring and control. The fundamental objective of this research is to understand WS from a biomedical perspective in order to help in its diagnosis, follow-up, and control. Pure tones audiometry, tympanometry, speech perception, the speech intelligibility index without aid, and testing at high frequencies were among the audiological measurements utilised since they were deemed suitable for standardised follow-up. Mixed linear models were used to examine the effects of age, time, or mean interaction in pure-tone (IPT), the average of high frequencies (HFA), auditory brainstem response (ABR), and brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP). The genetic analysis allowed mutations to be classified into three phenotype-genotype groups, where the phenotype indicated the severity of the hearing loss. Patients with homozygous gene changes had a more severe neurosensory phenotype. The early discovery of sensorineural hearing loss and WS is crucial since it allows intensive follow-up and treatment of the person affected from the start.