Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Nov 5;12(11):2701. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics12112701.
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a rare disease with a prevalence of 1 in 25,000 births. LHON usually presents in young males, with painless loss of visual acuity in one or both eyes. Recently an autosomal recessive form of the disease (arLHON or LHONAR) has been described, which is caused by a biallelic mutation in the DNAJC30 gene (usually a missense mutation c.152A>G). The phenotypic and clinical characteristics of patients with arLHON are similar to those of mtLHON, but some differences have been described. Therapy is problematic and challenging. This paper describes clinical and electrophysiological findings in one family (three children and two parents) with arLHON and emphasizes the role of Photopic Negative Response Electroretinography, which provides objective measurement of retinal ganglion cells function. In Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, abnormal retinal ganglion cells function can be found in both eyes, even if visual acuity loss only occurs in one eye. Early clinical diagnosis, confirmed by genetic analysis, may be the key to sight-preserving treatment.