Coenzyme Q10 trapping in mitochondrial complex I underlies Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy

How does a single amino acid mutation occurring in the blinding disease, Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), impair electron shuttling in mitochondria? We investigated changes induced by the m.3460 G>A mutation in mitochondrial protein ND1 using the tools of Molecular Dynamics and Free Energy Perturbation simulations, with the goal of determining the mechanism by which this mutation affects mitochondrial function. A recent analysis suggested that the mutation’s replacement of alanine A52…

RatioCRISPR: A ratiometric biochip based on CRISPR/Cas12a for automated and multiplexed detection of heteroplasmic SNPs in mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial genetic diseases are often characterized by heteroplasmic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) where both wild-type (WT) and mutant-type (MT) coexist, making detection of accurate SNP abundance critical for diagnosis. Here, we present RatioCRISPR, an automated ratiometric biochip sensor based on the CRISPR/Cas12a system for detecting multiple heteroplasmic SNPs in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The ratiometric sensor output is only influenced by the relative abundance of WT and MT,…

Mit.OnOff: A Science Communication Project for Public Awareness about Mitochondrial Cytopathies

CONCLUSION: It is hoped that the production of this book will give patients a sense of inclusion and representation in the media. This, in turn, will contribute to achieving the SDG targets (3,4,5,8,10,12), i.e., ensuring people live healthy lives, reducing child mortality, and increasing life expectancy, ensuring access to inclusive, equitable and quality education for all, ensuring gender equality, and contributing to a peaceful and prosperous world.

Pushing Retinal Imaging Forward: Innovations and their Clinical Meaning. The 2022 Ophthalmologica Lecture

Retinal imaging has greatly expanded our understanding of various pathological conditions. This article presents a summary of the key points covered during the 2022 Ophthalmologica Lecture held at the Euretina congress in Hamburg. The first part of the article focuses on the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to examine and comprehend the choroid in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Subsequently, we delve into the discussion of the “postreceptor neuronal loss” theory in…

Neuroprotective Effect of Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid (TUDCA) on In Vitro and In Vivo Models of Retinal Disorders: A Systematic Review

CONCLUSION: This systematic review demonstrated that TUDCA has neuroprotective effect on in vivo and in vitro models of retinal disorders, reinforcing the currently available evidence that TUDCA could be a promising therapeutic agent in retinal diseases treatment. However, well designed clinical trials are necessary to appraise the efficacy of TUDCA in clinical setting.

Evaluation of Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Idebenone Responsiveness in Fibroblasts from Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) Subjects

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a disease that affects the optical nerve, causing visual loss. The diagnosis of LHON is mostly defined by the identification of three pathogenic variants in the mitochondrial DNA. Idebenone is widely used to treat LHON patients, but only some of them are responders to treatment. In our study, we assessed the maximal respiration rate (MRR) and other respiratory parameters in eight fibroblast lines from subjects carrying LHON pathogenic variants. We…

Literature Commentary

In this issue of JNO, Drs. Mark L. Moster, Marc J. Dinkin, and Deborah I. Friedman discuss the following 6 articles:Piehl F, Eriksson-Dufva A, Budzianowska A, Feresiadou A, Hansson W, Hietala MA, Håkansson I, Johansson R, Jons D, Kmezic I, Lindberg C, Lindh J, Lundin F, Nygren I, Punga AR, Press R, Samuelsson K, Sundström P, Wickberg O, Brauner S, Frisell T. Efficacy and safety of rituximab for new-onset generalized myasthenia gravis: the RINOMAX randomized clinical trial. JAMA Neurol….