Front Neurol. 2022 Oct 28;13:1003514. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2022.1003514. eCollection 2022.
PURPOSE: To characterize features of retinal never fiber in Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) using multicolor (MC) imaging and color fundus photography (CFP).
METHODS: Ninety-two eyes of patients with LHON underwent MC imaging, optic disc spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and CFP. Two independent observers graded RNFL visibility scores and two other experts determined never fiber bundle defects from four-quadrant readings. CFP, standard MC, infrared reflectance (IR), green reflectance (GR), blue reflectance (BR), and green-blue-enhanced (BG) imaging were compared.
RESULTS: Agreement on never fiber bundle defects was substantial for CFP, standard MC, GR, BR, and BG images relative to IR. It was shown that BR (2.71 ± 0.55) had the best mean RNFL visibility score, BG (2.69 ± 0.52), GR (2.69 ± 0.56), standard MC (2.04 ± 0.79), CFP (1.80 ± 0.82), and IR (0.45 ± 0.59) followed. Agreement on temporal area defects was relatively improved. Youden’s indices for CFP (78.21%), standard MC (84.48%), GR (90.92%), BR (89.64%), and BG (90.99%) indicated good detection of defects in the papillomacular bundle (PMB)/ high suspicion of patients with LHON, particularly for BG and GR. According to the proportion of never fiber bundle defects, standard MC, GR, BR, and BG can roughly determine the LHON clinical stage, especially in subacute and chronic stages, and standard MC is superior for patients with LHON of all stages. The stage judged by MC was consistent with the course inferred by pRNFL thickness.
CONCLUSION: As an adjunct to SD-OCT, the MC image, particularly the GR and BG can delineate RNFL more effectively than CFP. The MC image may be a useful adjunct to OCT for detecting or monitoring never fiber bundle defects, providing inexpensive and rapid methods that can quickly identify patients with high suspicion of LHON.