Thiostrepton induces oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and ferroptosis in HaCaT cells

Cell Signal. 2024 Jul 3:111285. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2024.111285. Online ahead of print.


TST has been mainly studied for its anti-tumor proliferation and antimicrobial effects, but not widely used in dermatological diseases. The mechanism of cellular damage by TST in response to H2O2-mediated oxidative stress was investigated in human skin immortalized keratinocytes (HaCaT) as an in vitro model. The findings reveal that TST treatment leads to increased oxidative stress in the cells by reducing levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and catalase (CAT). This effect is further supported by an upsurge in the expression of malondialdehyde (MDA, a pivotal marker of lipid peroxidation). Additionally, dysregulation of FoxM1 at both gene and protein levels corroborates its involvement TST associated effects. Analysis of ferroptosis-related genes confirms dysregulation following TST treatment in HaCaT cells. Furthermore, TST treatment exhibits effects on mitochondrial morphology and function, affirming its induction of apoptosis in the cells through heightened oxidative stress due to mitochondrial damage and dysregulation of mitochondrial membrane potential.

PMID:38969192 | DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2024.111285