The circular RNA circSLC16A10 alleviates diabetic retinopathy by improving mitochondrial function via the miR-761-5p/MFN2 axis

Cell Signal. 2024 Jul 1:111283. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2024.111283. Online ahead of print.


It has been demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Nevertheless, the function of circSLC16A10 in the development of DR remains unclear. In order to investigate the role of circSLC16A10, we employed cell and animal models of DR. An analysis of a public database revealed that hsa_circSLC16A10 was expressed at lower levels in DR patients than in diabetic patients without DR or healthy controls. Additionally, the level of hsa_circSLC16A10 was lower in high glucose (HG)-exposed ARPE-19 cells and diabetic mice. hsa_circSLC16A10 was observed to be mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Moreover, overexpression of hsa_circSLC16A10 alleviated HG-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, overexpression of hsa_circSLC16A10 ameliorated HG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, as evidenced by improvements in mitochondrial structure and function. Hsa_circSLC16A10 acted as a hsa-miR-761-5p sponge to increase MFN2 expression. MFN2 knockdown or hsa-miR-761-5p overexpression partially reversed the protective effect of hsa_circSLC16A10 in vitro. The protective effect of mmu_circSLC16A10 against DR was confirmed in an animal model of DR. These findings indicate that circSLC16A10 may regulate DR progression by improving mitochondrial function via the miR-761-5p/MFN2 axis.

PMID:38960059 | DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2024.111283