A novel homozygous pathogenic missense variant in COX6B1: Further delineation of the phenotype

Am J Med Genet A. 2024 Jun 6:e63783. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63783. Online ahead of print.


Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency is a phenotypically diverse group of diseases caused by variants in over 30 genes. Biallelic pathogenic variants in COX6B1 have been described in four patients to date with varying disease manifestations. We describe the clinical features and follow-up of a patient with a novel homozygous pathogenic variant in COX6B1 who presented acutely with severe encephalomyopathy associated with an infection. New findings include ophthalmological evaluation and follow-up of neuroradiological investigations. The novel p.Trp31Arg variant was predicted to be pathogenic in silico, and further functional analyses with biochemical analysis of mitochondrial function showed isolated COX deficiency. Muscle biopsy showed a specific lack of COX6B1 protein together with complex IV deficiency on western blot, enzyme histochemistry, and immuno-histochemistry.

PMID:38842388 | DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.63783