Galactose-Replacement Unmasks the Biochemical Consequences of the G11778A Mitochondrial DNA Mutation of LHON in Patient-Derived Fibroblasts

Exp Cell Res. 2024 May 4:114075. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2024.114075. Online ahead of print.


Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a visual impairment associated with mutations of mitochondrial genes encoding elements of the electron transport chain. While much is known about the genetics of LHON, the cellular pathophysiology leading to retinal ganglion cell degeneration and subsequent vision loss is poorly understood. The impacts of the G11778A mutation of LHON on bioenergetics, redox balance and cell proliferation were examined in patient-derived fibroblasts. Replacement of glucose with galactose in the culture media reveals a deficit in the proliferation of G11778A fibroblasts, imparts a reduction in ATP biosynthesis, and a reduction in capacity to accommodate exogenous oxidative stress. While steady-state ROS levels were unaffected by the LHON mutation, cell survival was diminished in response to exogenous H2O2.

PMID:38710404 | DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2024.114075