Real-time monitoring of mitochondrial oxygenation during machine perfusion using resonance Raman spectroscopy predicts organ function

Sci Rep. 2024 Mar 27;14(1):7328. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-57773-w.


Organ transplantation is a life-saving procedure affecting over 100,000 people on the transplant waitlist. Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major challenge in the field as it can cause post-transplantation complications and limit the use of organs from extended criteria donors. Machine perfusion technology has the potential to mitigate IRI; however, it currently fails to achieve its full potential due to a lack of highly sensitive and specific assays to assess organ quality during perfusion. We developed a real-time and non-invasive method of assessing organs during perfusion based on mitochondrial function and injury using resonance Raman spectroscopy. It uses a 441 nm laser and a high-resolution spectrometer to quantify the oxidation state of mitochondrial cytochromes during perfusion. This index of mitochondrial oxidation, or 3RMR, was used to understand differences in mitochondrial recovery of cold ischemic rodent livers during machine perfusion at normothermic temperatures with an acellular versus cellular perfusate. Measurement of the mitochondrial oxidation revealed that there was no difference in 3RMR of fresh livers as a function of normothermic perfusion when comparing acellular versus cellular-based perfusates. However, following 24 h of static cold storage, 3RMR returned to baseline faster with a cellular-based perfusate, yet 3RMR progressively increased during perfusion, indicating injury may develop over time. Thus, this study emphasizes the need for further refinement of a reoxygenation strategy during normothermic machine perfusion that considers cold ischemia durations, gradual recovery/rewarming, and risk of hemolysis.

PMID:38538723 | PMC:PMC10973340 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-57773-w