Nucleus-Mitochondria Contact Sites Are Associated With Asynthetic Fission in Zebrafish Skin

Contact (Thousand Oaks). 2024 Mar 14;7:25152564241239445. doi: 10.1177/25152564241239445. eCollection 2024 Jan-Dec.

ABSTRACT

Rapid increase in body surface area of growing zebrafish larvae (Danio rario) is partially accomplished by asynthetic fission of superficial epithelial cells (SECs) of the skin. There are two cycles of this atypical form of cell division which is unaccompanied by DNA replication; resulting in cells with a variable DNA content. Here, electron microscopy of basal epithelium cells that give rise to these SECs in zebrafish larvae shows aggregation of mitochondria around the nucleus and the formation of nucleus-mitochondria membrane contact sites. Membrane aggregates appear in the lumen of the nuclear envelope at these sites of membrane contact in some cells, suggesting lipid turnover in this vicinity. As the epithelial cells mature and stratify, the mitochondria are engulfed by extensions arising from the nuclear envelope. The mitochondrial outer membrane fragments and mitochondria fuse with the nuclear envelope and parts of the endoplasmic reticulum. Other organelles, including the Golgi apparatus, progressively localize to a central region of the cell and lose their integrity. Thus, asynthetic fission is accompanied by an atypical pattern of organelle destruction and a prelude to this is the formation of nucleus-mitochondria membrane contact sites.

PMID:38524404 | PMC:PMC10958491 | DOI:10.1177/25152564241239445