Electroretinographic oscillatory potentials in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

Doc Ophthalmol. 2024 Mar 7. doi: 10.1007/s10633-024-09968-9. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) affects retinal ganglion cells causing severe vision loss. Pattern electroretinogram and photopic negative response (PhNR) of the light-adapted (LA) full-field electroretinogram (ERG) are typically affected in LHON. In the present study, we evaluated dark-adapted (DA) and LA oscillatory potentials (OPs) of the flash ERG in genetically characterized LHON patients to dissociate slow from fast components of the response.

METHODS: Seven adult patients (mean age = 28.4 ± 5.6) in whom genetic diagnosis confirmed LHON with mtDNA or nuclear DNAJC30 (arLHON) pathogenic variants were compared to 12 healthy volunteers (mean age = 35.0 ± 12.1). Full-field ERGs were recorded from both eyes. Offline digital filters at 50, 75 and 100 Hz low cutoff frequencies were applied to isolate high-frequency components from the original ERG signals.

RESULTS: ERG a-waves and b-waves were comparable between LHON patients and controls, while PhNR was significantly reduced (p = 0.009) in LHON patients compared to controls, as expected. OPs derived from DA signals (75 Hz low cutoff frequency) showed reduced peak amplitude for OP2 (p = 0.019). LA OP differences between LHON and controls became significant (OP2: p = 0.047, OP3: p = 0.039 and OP4: p = 0.013) when the 100 Hz low-cutoff frequency filter was applied.

CONCLUSIONS: Reduced OPs in LHON patients may represent disturbed neuronal interactions in the inner retina with preserved photoreceptoral (a-wave) to bipolar cell (b-wave) activation. Reduced DA OP2 and high-cutoff LA OP alterations may be further explored as functional measures to characterize LHON status and progression.

PMID:38451375 | DOI:10.1007/s10633-024-09968-9