Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2024 Feb 11;60(2):180-184. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112142-20231213-00288.
Different from classical autosomal recessive Wolfram syndrome, Wolfram-like syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a heterozygous mutation in the WFS1 gene. In this case, a 7-year-old male child presented to the eye clinic due to vision loss that could not be corrected, discovered during a routine examination. The child had experienced hearing impairment since early childhood, leading to cochlear implantation. Ophthalmic examination revealed optic disc atrophy in both eyes. Optical coherence tomography imaging demonstrated a distinctive thickening of the outer plexiform layer with abnormal layering, characteristic of a single mutation in the WFS1 gene. Subsequent genetic testing identified a de novo heterozygous missense mutation c.2051C>T (p.A684V) in the WFS1 gene, which ultimately led to the diagnosis of Wolfram-like syndrome.