Sci Rep. 2024 Jan 29;14(1):2417. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-52955-y.
The purpose of this article is to investigate the changes that occur in the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) in patients with dermatochalasis. The OOM specimens from 26 patients were collected during upper eyelid blepharoplasty. Each specimen was divided into three parts, which were then examined using different techniques: formalin embedding for light microscopy, free freezing for histochemical examination, and fixation in 3% glutaraldehyde for electron microscopy. The severity of dermatochalasis was classified according to the anatomical landmarks. 78 specimens from patients with dermatochalasis were evaluated. Under light microscopy, specimens showed an increase in muscle fiber size variation, rounding of muscle fibers, and lobulation of myocytes in a fibrotic background. Under electron microscopy, loss of myofilaments, vacuolar vesicles, and swollen mitochondria were observed, along with osmophilic aggregates resembling nemadine bodies and collagen fibrils. A statistically significant association between the progression of dermatochalasis and the presence of aggregates resembling nemaline bodies was found (p- value < 0.005). Significant changes occur in the OOM in patients with dermatochalasis and the presence of aggregates resembling nemaline bodies is correlated with the degree of eyelid drooping. Thus, OOM may contribute in dermatochalasis progression.