Ophthalmic Res. 2023 Dec 9. doi: 10.1159/000535537. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited, acute or subacute, optic neuropathy. The typical symptoms include reduced visual acuity and central scotoma. Despite the presence of deep central scotoma, some patients with LHON are able to perform daily activities. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the residual visual field and visual acuity, critical flicker frequency, and fixation ellipse in patients with chronic LHON.
METHODS: Residual visual function (defined as sensitivity points where patients sensed the size V stimulus) of both eyes was evaluated in 10 patients with LHON carrying the m.11778 mitochondrial DNA mutation and with median age of onset and disease duration of 29 and 16.5 years, respectively. The central visual field was measured using the Humphrey visual field testing 30-2 program with the size III or V stimulus. Moreover, best-corrected visual acuity, critical flicker frequency, and the correlation between fixation ellipse and residual central visual fields were determined. The analysis was performed through a linear mixed-effects model.
RESULTS: The residual visual sensitivity in the inferior nasal visual field was significantly correlated with the logMAR (p < 0.05). The fixation ellipse fell within the residual visual field region with higher sensitivity.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with chronic LHON tended to retain the sensitivity detectable with the size V stimulus at the central inferior nasal visual field regions, where the fixation ellipse fell. Visual acuity, which influences daily activity, was spatially correlated with residual visual sensitivity.