Clinical management and obstetric outcome in WFS1 Wolfram syndrome spectrum disorder: A case report and literature review

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2023 May;62(3):440-443. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2022.12.011.


OBJECTIVE: Wolfram Syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in WFS1 or CISD2 (WFS2). We present a rare case report of pregnancy with WFS1 spectrum disorder (WFS1-SD) in our hospital and reviewed literature to provide the management of pregnancy in these patients through multi-disciplinary cooperation.

CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old (gravida 6, para 1) woman with WFS1-SD conceived naturally. During the pregnancy, she adjusted insulin intermittently to control blood glucose and monitored intraocular pressure changes under the guidance of doctors without any complications. Cesarean section was delivered at 37+4 weeks of gestation due to breech position and uterine scar and the neonatal weight was 3200 g. Apgar score 10 at 1 min, 10 at 5-min and 10 at 10 min, respectively. This rare case had a good maternal and infant outcome under multidisciplinary management.

CONCLUSION: WS is an extremely rare disease. Limited information is available on the impact and management of WS on maternal physiologic adaptation and fetal outcome. This case provide a guide for clinicians to raise awareness of this rare disease and strengthen the management of pregnancy in these patients.

PMID:37188450 | DOI:10.1016/j.tjog.2022.12.011