Exp Eye Res. 2023 Apr 2:109464. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2023.109464. Online ahead of print.
Corneal endothelium is mostly sensitive to oxidative pressure and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the oxidative-antioxidant mechanism of corneal endothelial cells (CECs) remains partially defined. Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) is a well-studied therapeutic target of oxidative damage. This study aimed to determine the SIRT1 expression in ultraviolet A (UVA)-induced corneal endothelial damage and explore potential drugs to repair corneal endothelial oxidative injury. In this study, we showed that CECs exhibited cellular apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and decreased SIRT1 expression. In addition, UVA induced the imbalance of mitochondrial homeostasis and function, involving in mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial fusion/fission and mitochondrial energy metabolism. SRT1720, the SIRT1 activator, effectively increased SIRT1 expression and attenuated UVA-induced cell damage in CECs. The therapeutic effects of SRT1720 for corneal endothelial oxidative damage were also verified in UVA-irradiated mice model. Our findings indicated that SIRT1 maintained the oxidant-antioxidant balance in corneal endothelium, suggesting a new promising therapeutic target for corneal endothelial dysfunction.