Redox Biol. 2023 Mar 21;62:102687. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2023.102687. Online ahead of print.
Glaucoma is a common neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss and visual field defects. Pathologically high intraocular pressure (ph-IOP) is an important risk factor for glaucoma, and it triggers molecularly distinct cascades that control RGC death and axonal degeneration. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated abnormalities in mitochondrial dynamics are involved in glaucoma pathogenesis; however, little is known about the precise pathways that regulate RGC injury and death. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of the ERK1/2-Drp1-reactive oxygen species (ROS) axis in RGC death and the relationship between Drp1-mediated mitochondrial dynamics and PANoptosis in ph-IOP injury. Our results suggest that inhibiting the ERK1/2-Drp1-ROS pathway is a potential therapeutic strategy for treating ph-IOP-induced injuries. Furthermore, inhibiting Drp1 can regulate RGC PANoptosis by modulating caspase3-dependent, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor-containing pyrin domain 3(NLRP3)-dependent, and receptor-interacting protein (RIP)-dependent pathways in the ph-IOP model. Overall, our findings provide new insights into possible protective interventions that could regulate mitochondrial dynamics to improve RGC survival.