Vision Res. 2023 Feb 20;206:108196. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2023.108196. Online ahead of print.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases typically characterized by the degeneration of the optic nerve and is one of the world’s leading causes of blindness. Although there is no cure for glaucoma, reducing intraocular pressure is an approved treatment to delay optic nerve degeneration and retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in most patients. Recent clinical trials have evaluated the safety and efficacy of gene therapy vectors for the treatment of inherited retinal degenerations (IRDs), and the results are promising, generating enthusiasm for the treatment of other retinal diseases. While there have been no reports on successful clinical trials for gene therapy-based neuroprotective treatment of glaucoma, and only a few studies assessing the efficacy of gene therapy vectors for the treatment of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), the potential for neuroprotective treatment of glaucoma and other diseases affecting RGCs is still widely recognized. Here, we review recent progress and cover current limitations pertaining to targeting RGCs with adeno-associated virus-based gene therapy for the treatment of glaucoma.