Autosomal dominant optic atrophy plus due to the novel OPA1 variant c.1463G>C

Metab Brain Dis. 2019 Aug;34(4):1023-1027. doi: 10.1007/s11011-019-00425-0. Epub 2019 Jun 1.


OPA1 variants most frequently manifest phenotypically with pure autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) or with ADOA plus. The most frequent abnormalities in ADOA plus in addition to the optic nerve affection include hypoacusis, migraine, myopathy, and neuropathy. Hypertelorism and atrophy of the acoustic nerve have not been reported. The patient is a 48yo Caucasian female with slowly progressive, visual impairment since childhood, bilateral hypoacusis since age 10y, and classical migraine since age 20y. The family history was positive for diabetes (father, mother) and visual impairment (daughter). Clinical examination revealed hypertelorism, visual impairment, hypoacusis, tinnitus, weakness for elbow flexion and finger straddling, and generally reduced tendon reflexes. MRI of the cerebrum was non-informative but hypoplasia of the acoustic nerve bilaterally was described. Visually-evoked potentials revealed markedly prolonged P100-latencies bilaterally. Acoustically-evoked potentials were distorted with poor reproducibility and prolonged latencies. Muscle biopsy revealed reduced activities of complexes I, II, and IV. Genetic work-up revealed the novel variant c.1463G>C in the OPA1 gene. This case provides novel information regarding the genotype of ADOA plus. The novel OPA1 variant c.1463G>C not only manifests with visual impairment, hypoacusis, migraine, and myopathy, but also with hypertelorisms and acoustic nerve atrophy.

PMID:31152339 | DOI:10.1007/s11011-019-00425-0